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A geostrophic empirical mode based on altimetric sea surface height
日期:2012-08-31 | | 【

Abstract   Recent discovery of low-dimensional coherent structure in oceanic currents along with a new merged altimeter product called Absolute Dynamic Topography (ADT) makes it possible to derive subsurface ocean information from satellite remote sensing data. An altimetric geostrophic empirical mode (µ-GEM) is developed in this study by projecting hydrographic transects onto the ADT sea surface height coordinate, based on which the four-dimensional thermohaline and velocity structures of oceanic currents are reconstructed from satellite surface observations. In the WOCE/SR3 area, the µ-GEM fields capture more than 95% of the total thermal variance. The GEM-derived flow has equivalent-barotropic structure and represents the velocity profile better than traditional dynamic modes. Comparison with mooring observations also demonstrates that the µ-GEM provides good estimates of the deep thermohaline fields.

Keyword  µ-GEM, altimetry, SSH

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